Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering, or more popularly known as GATE is an All India exam that tests the understanding of a student in various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science. GATE is conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and all the IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) under instruction from the HRD Ministry, Government of India. The marks scored in the GATE exam are used for admissions to various post-graduate courses in higher education institutes. It is one of the most competitive exams in India.
Students in the final year of bachelors program or graduates in Engineering, Architecture or Technology and Students in the final year of a Masters Course or Post Graduates in Science, Math, Statistics, and Computer Applications are eligible to appear for the GATE exam. Or candidates in his second or higher year of Four-year integrated master's degree programs (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/ Technology. Students in the fourth or higher year of Five-year integrated master's degree programs or Dual Degree programs in Engineering/Technology. Students with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE.
GATE exam is conducted once a year usually within the first week of February in two-time slots- morning and evening.
GATE exam comprises of total 65 questions (100 marks weightage) and is of 3hours duration. The exam for all the papers is carried out in an online Computer Based Test (CBT) mode where the candidates are shown the questions in a random sequence on a computer screen. The questions consist of both multiple choice questions (MCQs) and numerical answer type questions.
In the papers with the following codes- AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME,MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE, the questions dedicated to Engineering Mathematics carries 15% of the total marks, the General Aptitude questions form 15%of the total marks and the remaining 70% percent of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper you are appearing for. Papers with the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude section carries 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the total marks is again devoted to the particular subject you are appearing for.
GATE exam is conducted in a total of 23 disciplines ranging from Geology and Geophysics, Mathematics, Engineering Sciences (Chemical, Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, etc.) to Life Sciences (Bio-Chemistry, Botany, Microbiology, Zoology, etc.) Each subject's test contains 10 questions that test the "general aptitude" (language and analytic skills), apart from the core subject of the discipline. The candidates have to opt for any one discipline for the exam. The syllabus for each GATE exam subject is different and tends to change every year.
The results of the GATE exam are announced soon after on the official GATE exam website and the scorecard can be downloaded too.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has introduced the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) to allow GATE-qualified engineering graduates and GPAT-qualified pharmaceutical graduates to pursue research through suitable Ph.D. programs at CSIR laboratories. The scholarship amount is Rs.25,000 per month for qualified students who pursue research in their respective disciplines. The total duration of the fellowship is 5 years, within which the student is expected to complete the Ph.D. degree. Public sector undertakings (PSUs) in India have decided that a GATE score shall be the primary criteria for initial shortlisting of candidates for various Government posts.
For further information on GATE, visit the official link