Updated: Feb 18, 2020
As per the guidelines framed under the Right to Education Act, there has to be a minimum set of qualifications for a person to be appointed as a teacher in the government-controlled schools from classes I to VIII. This qualification has been laid down in form of the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET). The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is a national level exam conducted by the Central Board of Secondary education (CBSE) for recruiting teachers in the government schools. The test is compulsory for getting teaching jobs in government schools from Class 1 to Class 8. It is conducted by both Central government and State governments. Most states conduct their own TET. The exam is based on the National Curriculum Framework.
To be a Primary wing teacher i.e. a teacher from Classes I to V, the following minimum eligibility criteria is applicable for CTET aspirants:
i. At least 50% in Senior Secondary exams or in an equivalent board or exam.
For CTET aspirants applying to be teachers for the Elementary stage, i.e. Classes VI-VIII, the following CTET eligibility criteria has been laid down:
i.Graduation with at least 50% marks.
Further, a relaxation of marks of up to 5% can be given to candidates from the reserved categories- SC/ST/OBC/Differently Abled.
Any candidate who is a graduate (B.A, B.Sc, B.Com, etc.) is eligible to take CTET. Those who are B.Ed. graduates need to pass this exam to work as a teacher.
The exam is conducted at various government centers as allotted to the candidates across the country. The dates are officially announced online on the website.
CTET exam consists of a total of 300 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), each carrying one mark (300 marks). There is no negative marking. The paper shall be Bilingual (Hindi/English). There are two papers of CTET.
If a CTET exam aspirant wishes to teach both levels, he/she has to give Paper I and Paper II, both.
Environmental Studies, Mathematics, Language-I, Language-II, Pedagogy & Child Development
Social Studies, Mathematics & Science, Language II, Language I, Pedagogy and Child Development
For any other teacher – either 4 or 5.
Each section consists of 30 questions worth 30 marks except 4 and 5 which consist of 60 questions worth 60 marks.
CTET is a qualifying examination for selecting candidates for appointment as a teacher for Classes I to VIII. Those who are interested in teaching profession must clear the exam to secure a stable government job. Teaching is considered to be one of the noblest and safe career options for women.