Updated: Jan 22, 2021
Music in India began as an integral part of socio-religious life. Types of Indian music includes multiple varieties of classical music and punjabi folk music, filmi, Indian Rock and Indian pop. India’s classical music tradition, including Hindustani music and carnatic has a history spanning millennia and developed over several areas.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of western culture, including both religious and secular music.
Indian classical music continues to gain tremendously in popularity in the West and is now taught widely. In addition to many opportunities to learn it at universities or in specialized instruction, more general resources are appearing.
The convention of Hindustani music goes back to Vedic occasions where the hymns in the Sama Veda, an old religious content, were sung as Samagana and not recited. Developing a solid and various custom more than a few centuries, it has contemporary conventions set up essentially in India yet in addition in Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Hindustani music was not just affected by antiquated Hindu melodic customs, chronicled Vedic way of thinking and local Indian sounds yet additionally improved by the Persian execution practices of the Mughals. Traditional classifications are dhrupad, dhamar, khyal, tarana and sadra, and there are additionally a few semi-old style structures.
Carnatic music can be followed to the fourteenth – fifteenth hundreds of years AD and from that point. It began in South India during the standard of the Vijayanagar Empire. Like Hindustani music, it is melodic, with ad libbed varieties, however will in general have progressively fixed sytheses.
Purandara Dasa is viewed as the father of Carnatic music, while the later artists Tyagaraja, Shyama Shastry, and Muthuswami Dikshitar are viewed as the trinity of Carnatic music.
Music has always been an important aspect in the lives of Indian people. India’s rich cultural diversity has greatly contributed to various forms of folk music. Almost every region in India has its own folk music, which reflects the way of life. From the peppy bhangra of Punjab to Garba of Gujarat to Bhavageete of Karnataka, the tradition of folk music in India is indeed great.
Folk music is closely associated with farming and other such professions and evolved to alleviate the hardship and break the monotony of the routine life. Even though folk music lost its popularity with the advent of contemporary music like pop and rap, but no traditional festival or celebration is complete without folk music.
The greatest type of Indian prominent music is filmi or tunes from Indian movies, it makes up 72% of the music deals in India.
The film business of India bolstered music by concurring respect to old-style music while using western coordination to help Indian tunes.
INDIAN POP MUSIC
Indian popular music depends on an amalgamation of Indian society and old-style music, and present-day beats from various pieces of the world.
India has observed the emergence of organizations over the years in some music schools that offer a wide range of courses in Music.
Here are some of the best music schools in India –
1. KM Music Conservatory –
KM Music Conservatory is a music institute located at Arumbakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The principal of the musical school is A.R. Rahman. It offers many courses in music, depending on the interest of students ranging from courses in Hindustani Classical to Western Classical. The institute also has courses in Music Technology.
2. Delhi School of Music –
Delhi School of Music is a music institute established by Delhi Music Society. The music school was founded in 1966 and is located in Chanakyapuri, Delhi. This school offers diploma courses in various instruments such as violin, Piano, Viola, Cello, Guitar, Recorder, Flute , Keyboard, Saxophone, Clarinet, and Drums. There are Ballet group classes too. The music institute also has updated instruments with technology.
3. Shankar Mahadevan Academy –
This music institute was founded by Shankar Mahadevan in 2011. The academy provides courses mainly in Hindustani Vocal and Carnatic Vocal along with other courses that also include self-learning. It has centers in True School of Music, Mumbai, NCPA Nariman Point, Mumbai, Boston, and Bangalore. It also has a wide range of programs with online courses. The music academy has great faculty with the multifaceted musician, Shankar Mahadevan, as the leader.
4. The Calcutta School of Music –
This music school is one of oldest music schools in India. Dr. Phillipe Sandre had established it in 1915. The school covers training programs in Western Classical music along with speech training, dance, and elocution, and has a faculty for all kind of musical training. The music school trains students in Indian Classical too. The classes are both liberal education through theory, and the school also arranges orchestras as well as concerts, also providing practical solo music training.
5. Swarnabhoomi Academy of Music -
The music school is located in Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu. It has updated technology and offers a course in sound designing too along with foundation and diploma courses in music performance. This music school also has an international faculty and innovative curriculum, relevant to the contemporary music scene.
6. Prayag Sangeet Samiti –
Prayag Sangeet Samiti is the most premier music school in India which was established in 1926. The music school is located in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
The school offers profound courses in vocals, instrumental music and dance. The institute also organized competitions in Tabla, Gayan, and Kathak Nritya. It is a decorated institution, and one of the most revered music schools in India, especially when it comes to Indian Classical Music.
7. Madras Music Academy-
This academy is one of the earliest music schools in South India. It was founded in 1928. The music school offers courses in Carnatic classical music. It also offers part-time courses for those who don’t have enough time for full-time curriculum. Madras music academy has a research center, which also has an affiliation with the Tumkur University. The music school is famous for December Music Festival.
8. Bhartiya Sangeet mahavidyalaya-
Bhartiya Sangeet Mahavidyalaya works on promotion and propagation of Indian Classical Music and Dance. The music school is based in Vashi, Navi Mumbai, and offers courses in vocals and classic instruments like harmonium, flute, violin, sitar, and also tabla. The music institute also offers courses in Kathak and Bharatnatyam. Moreover, it has a number of affiliated institutions with its collaboration, and is one of the oldest music schools in India.
9. Asian Academy of Film and Television [AAFT] –
This film has courses predominantly in Film and Television, but has courses in music also. It has a well-established music studio of its own and conducts industry workshops in which prominent artists and music director like Jatin Pandit and the famous music director duo Sajid-Wajid come to teach students. The academy has update facilities and great paraphernalia, which also makes it one of the best music schools in India.